Uremia is a clinical syndrome of chronic renal failure. Patients with uremia will have symptoms such as fatigue, yellowish complexion, swelling of the body, and decreased urine output in the early stage, and various symptoms of the nervous system, digestive system, and cardiovascular system in the middle and late stages. In addition to hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, kidney transplantation, etc., patients with uremia need to pay attention to daily diet and health care, and multi-pronged approach can promote improvement and recovery.
Uremia patients should do as the following in their daily diet:
1. Ensure enough calorie intake every day. Due to physical diseases in patients with uremia, nutrients in the body cannot be absorbed and metabolized normally, which may lead to muscle atrophy and weight loss. Patients can eat more cereals to ensure calorie intake, and eat less fatty foods.
2. Animal protein is good for health. Foods rich in animal protein include milk, eggs, lean meat, fish, etc. These foods have high protein utilization rates and can help patients absorb them and prevent protein deficiency.
3. Eat more fiber foods. Foods containing fiber can prevent constipation, lower cholesterol. Patients can eat more potatoes, whole grains, and fruits and vegetables that are rich in dietary fiber.
4. Eat less high-potassium foods. Common high-potassium foods include bananas, kelp, spinach, yams, oranges, etc, uremia patients with low urine output and high potassium, must control these foods intake. In addition, hypertensive patients should eat less, control drinking water, and strictly control the amount of urine.
5. Eat less greasy foods, such as fatty meat, fried foods, etc. These foods contain high cholesterol and high fat, they will increase the burden on the intestines and kidneys of patients.
In addition to good diet and health care, patients should also pay close attention to their own illness. Once they find that they are unwell or have some abnormal symptoms in life, they should not escape from the mentality, and should go to the hospital for examination and treatment as soon as possible. Patients with hypertension, diabetes and other diseases should pay attention to control blood pressure and blood sugar to eliminate safety hazards. At the same time, it is necessary to maintain a reasonable work and rest time, exercise properly, and have a good attitude is also one of the ways to fight disease. Establishing confidence in overcoming the disease can achieve better treatment results.