What is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a kind of anxiety disorder, mainly manifested by obsessive thinking and compulsive behavior. It is characterized by the coexistence of conscious compulsion and anti-compulsiveness. It is a neuropsychiatric disorder and is often trouble to some thoughts or impulses that go against one’s will or are meaningless. Although they can know that these thoughts or impulses originate from themselves and try to resist, they are always difficult to control, which leads to a strong conflict between the two, which causes great anxiety and affects study, life and work.
Causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
In recent years, more and more people are suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), because the early onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and the delayed course of the disease, it has caused the patients’ lives to be greatly troubled. Most patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are not found in the early stage, until they develop symptoms such as fear of getting dirty and repeated hand washing, so severe that they cannot live a normal life. The etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is closely related to their personality and life experience, heredity, nerves, and endocrine.
Most of the patients’ first onset is discovered when they are stimulated, such as divorced parents, family conflicts, interpersonal tensions, trials in marriage, and so on. These events can cause psychological tension and induce obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Some patients are also affected by personality. For example, they have compulsive personality before illness, are too cautious, have a strong sense of responsibility, hope that everything is perfect, indecisive, are too strict with themselves, and are very concerned about other people’s views of themselves.
In addition, scientists believe that people who are under strict control by their parents during their childhood, and cannot express their personal emotions in a timely manner, are also prone to develop obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). These children do not have enough free space, and they are controlled by their parents everywhere, so they are psychologically depressed. In addition, they cannot find friends to talk to, and eventually become frustrated and lost. In order to vent the pain buried in their hearts, they chose to keep tidying up the room and so on.
If you keep this habit in the process of growing up, it will form a cleanliness addiction. Once a child develops a cleanliness addiction, when faced with setbacks, he will not seek help from anyone, including his parents, but is under pressure alone. They are often busy at home, doing laundry, or facing the house. Wipe and wipe the contents in order to get rid of the worries in their heart.
Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
The performance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is mainly obsessive thinking and compulsive behavior. The compulsive thinking can be divided into obsessive thoughts, compulsive emotions and compulsive consciousness, and the content of compulsive thinking is diverse.
That is, certain associations, ideas, memories, or doubts recur stubbornly and are difficult to control.
(1) Forced association: Recall that a series of unfortunate events will happen, although they know it is impossible, they cannot be restrained, and arouse emotional tension and fear.
(2) Forced recollection: Recalling the irrelevant things once done. Although knowing that it has no meaning, it cannot be restrained and must be recollected repeatedly.
(3) Forced doubts: If you have unnecessary doubts about the correctness of your actions, you need to check repeatedly. If you have doubts about whether the doors and windows are actually closed after going out, check back several times. Otherwise, you will feel anxious.
(4) Compulsive and exhaustive thinking: Repeated thinking about natural phenomena or events in daily life, knowing that it is meaningless, but unable to restrain it, such as repeatedly thinking: “Why does the house face south and not north.”
(5) Forced opposing thinking: Two opposing words or concepts repeatedly appear in the mind one after another, and feel distressed and nervous. If you think of “support”, you will immediately appear “opposed”; when you talk about “good people”, you think of “bad guys” Wait.
2. Forced action:
(1) Forced washing: Washing hands or objects repeatedly, you can’t get rid of “feeling dirty” in your heart. You know you have washed it, but you can’t do it yourself instead of washing it.
(2) Forced inspection: It usually appears at the same time as forced doubts. Patients are worried about what they know they have done, and they check repeatedly, such as checking locked doors and windows, checking written bills, letters, or manuscripts.
(3) Forced counting: count steps and telephone poles uncontrollably, and do certain actions a certain number of times. Otherwise, if you feel uneasy, you must count again if you miss it.
(4) Forced ritual actions: Before daily activities, perform a set of actions with a certain procedure. For example, before going to bed, you must take off your clothes and shoes and place them according to a fixed pattern. Otherwise, you will feel uneasy and put on your clothes, and shoes again. Then follow the procedure to take off.
3. Forced intention:
On certain occasions, the patient has an idea that he knows is contrary to the situation at the time, but he can’t control the appearance of this intention, which is very distressed. For example, when the mother took the child and walked to the river, she suddenly had the idea of throwing the child into the river. Although no corresponding action occurred, the patient was very nervous and frightened.
The dangers of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
When the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) appear, the relevant physical, mental, and auxiliary examinations must be performed first to exclude organic diseases. Excluding disease factors, the patient must be forced to think or compel himself for a certain behavior for most of the two consecutive weeks, and these thoughts and behaviors may cause pain or anti-cancer activities, etc., before they can be initially affected. Judged as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Generally speaking, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) will affect life, work, study, and interpersonal communication.
1. Patients with obsessive-compulsive personality will always feel that the world they face is uncertain and cannot grasp the rules, so they will artificially formulate various precepts to force themselves to obey. When the rules, order, etc. change, it will be difficult to adapt.
2. Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have a sense of imperfection, and they are very seeking perfection. The patient is full of blame and fault-finding, lacks the ability to express tenderness to others, is rigid and stubborn, and always requires others to act according to their own rules. And if they are in good times and are praised by the authority at work, they can be satisfied with their achievements. At this time, they can insist on quite effective practical actions and have considerable self-control ability without being too excessive. If you are in adversity, your self-control will decrease.
3. People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are safety first in everything they do. They are too careful and cautious. They will weigh all aspects of the problem repeatedly. This kind of psychology is easy for them to produce anxiety about situation and expectation. They feel nervous when encountering accidents, and they always feel like facing a major test. Punctuality, restraint and conformity are also prominent.
4. In the workplace, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be said to be widespread. From the perspective of mental factors, 35% of patients have mental factors before illness. All social and psychological factors that can cause long-term mental tension, anxiety, or accidents that bring heavy mental shock are predisposing factors for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). For example, in the workplace, it is long-term work pressure and sudden increase in temporary tasks.