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What causes shortness of breath and chest tightness?

What causes shortness of breath and chest tightness?
What causes shortness of breath and chest tightness?

        Chest tightness, shortness of breath, and dyspnea are one of the most common clinical symptoms. The most dyspnea patients are mostly middle-aged and elderly people with chronic heart or lung diseases and cardiopulmonary insufficiency. The symptoms of dyspnea in such patients are well understood.
        However, some young people often say that they have chest tightness, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing. At a young age, when the body is at its strongest, but the symptoms of breathing difficulties occur, what may be the problem?
1. Functional chest tightness and shortness of breath
        That is the symptoms of chest tightness and shortness of breath without the organic disease. Staying in a room with closed doors and windows and no ventilation for a long time, encountering some unpleasant things, or even quarrels or disputes with others, or in a climate with low air pressure, often lead to chest tightness, shortness of breath, and fatigue. After a short period of rest, open windows for ventilation or go outside to breathe fresh air, relax your mind, and regulate your emotions, you will soon be able to return to normal.
        Due to the effects of anxiety, tension, emotional agitation, mental trauma, and other factors, the excitation and inhibition process of the central nervous system is hindered, and the cardiovascular system regulated by the autonomic nervous system is also disordered, causing a series of symptoms of sympathetic nervousness hypertonia. In addition, overwork, too little physical activity, lack of proper exercise in the circulatory system, so that a little activity or a little fatigue can not adapt, resulting in excessive cardiovascular response and leading to symptoms of chest tightness and shortness of breath.
        In addition, neurosis such as neurasthenia and autonomic dysfunction will also cause symptoms of chest tightness and shortness of breath. The most common subjective symptoms are palpitations, poor breathing, and general malaise, as well as easy agitation, insomnia, sweating, tremors, dizziness, dreaminess, etc. For the symptoms of chest tightness and shortness of breath caused by neurosis such as neurasthenia, it is necessary to carry out necessary psychological treatment to fundamentally relieve it.
2. Pathological chest tightness and shortness of breath
        That is, the symptoms of chest tightness and shortness of breath occur due to organic lesions. Experts point out that chest tightness can be not only physiological but also caused by diseases in certain organs in the body, that is, pathological chest tightness. Common causes of pathological chest tightness include airway obstruction, lung disease, heart disease, diaphragmatic disease, fluid metabolism, and acid-base balance disorders.
        Pathological chest tightness can occur suddenly or slowly. Most of the sudden occurrences are due to acute traumatic or spontaneous pneumothorax, acute asthma, acute intratracheal foreign body heart attack, acute pulmonary infarction, etc. Chronic chest tightness is a gradual increase in symptoms with the prolongation of the course of the disease. Most chest tightness in children indicates congenital heart disease or mediastinal tumor; chest tightness in young people mostly indicates spontaneous pneumothorax, mediastinal tumor, rheumatic heart valve disease; chest tightness in elderly mostly indicates emphysema, coronary heart disease.
        If you often experience chest tightness, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing, you need to pay special attention and go to the hospital in time.

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