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Definition, causes and symptoms of autism in children

Definition, causes and symptoms of autism in children
Definition, causes and symptoms of autism in children

       Autism is one of the mental illnesses, so do you know the causes of autism? How can we prevent autism?
   Autism has a clear medical definition. It is also called autism or autistic disorder. It is a representative disease of generalized developmental disorders. The main characteristics are ignorance of emotions, refusal to communicate, delayed language development, stereotyped behavior repetition, and significant limitations in the scope of activity, which are generally manifested before the age of 3.
Symptoms of autism
   1. language barrier
   Language and communication disorders are important symptoms of autism, and are the main reason for most children's visits. The child has expressive language before the age of 203, which gradually decreases with age, or even completely loses it, remains silent for life or uses limited language in rare cases. They have some degree of obstacles to their feelings of language and their ability to express themselves.
   2. Social communication barriers
   Patients cannot establish normal interpersonal relationships with others. When he was young, he showed no eyesight with others, poor expression, lack of expressions or gestures that expected parents to hug and caress with others, and did not enjoy the happy expressions during caressing, and even refused to hug and caress parents and others.
   They can't distinguish between relatives and estrangements, and they treat their relatives in the same way as they treat other people. Inability to establish a normal attachment relationship with their parents, and it is difficult to establish a normal partnership between patients and children of the same age. For example, in kindergartens, they tend to be alone and don't like to play with their peers; they don't go when they see some children playing games enthusiastically together. Interest in viewing or desire to participate.
   3. narrow range of interests and stereotyped behavior patterns
Patients are not interested in the games and toys that normal children are keen on, but like to play with some non-toy items, such as a bottle cap, or observe the rotating electric fan, etc., and can last for tens of minutes or even a few hours without Boredom.
Causes of autism
   1. The cause of autism is related to heredity
   This conclusion is drawn through some data analysis. The male to female ratio of autistic patients is generally maintained at a 4:1 ratio. At the same time, in some families with autism, the proportion of autism in these families is higher than that in other normal families. Various signs indicate that autism is inseparable from heredity. However, with current science and technology, no new genetic genes have been found to cause autism, so we can only find out the cause of autism from these autism treatment data and some experiments.
   2. Misunderstanding of the etiology of autism
   Autism was first defined as a mental illness and was classified as schizophrenia. With the deepening of research, many people attribute the cause of autism to "refrigerator mothers." The refrigerator mothers mentioned here refer to those parents who are busy with work all day long and don't care about the growth of their children. People think that the reason why children get autism is the psychological distortion caused by the lack of a good living environment. But this argument was quickly refuted. After analysis, a biologist found that autism is a congenital disease, and that children with autism are already born with autism factors, but this disease will affect the patient. Only when he is about 2 years old does he have obvious symptoms.
   3. Trauma causes autism
   The trauma mentioned here can be divided into birth trauma and other trauma. Researchers have found that during the delivery process of pregnant women, babies sometimes have birth injuries. Some of these birth injuries can affect the baby's bones, while others can cause damage to the baby's brain. This kind of brain damage can sometimes cause damage. Leading to autism, this is also a theory of the cause of autism that has received more attention in recent years. Any trauma other than the second is called postpartum trauma or acquired trauma. These traumas are mostly caused by sudden changes in the child's personality due to injuries to the brain. In this case, some cases of autism will also appear, so it is also regarded as a cause of autism.
Generally speaking, there are many reasons for autism in life. I hope that these factors introduced above can help more patients. When autism occurs, you must take timely treatment to avoid missing the best. During the treatment time, parents and friends must give more care and confidence to their children in their lives.
   There is no parent who wants their children to suffer from autism, so how should we prevent children from suffering from childhood autism? The preventive measures are as follows:
How to prevent autism
   1. Mothers should pay attention to health care during pregnancy, strengthen perinatal health care, and actively carry out prenatal and postnatal care
   Viral infection during pregnancy, threatened abortion, suffocation at birth and cesarean section will affect young children. Viral infection during pregnancy of mothers, especially in the first 3 months of pregnancy, can lead to abnormal fetal brain development and cause autism in children. Such as rubella virus, herpes simplex virus, influenza virus, cytomegalovirus, etc. can damage the central nervous system of children and cause disease. Therefore, pregnant women should be careful not to contract the virus during pregnancy, especially in the early stages of pregnancy. Also pay attention to avoid high fever convulsions in the early stages of infancy. Repeated high fever convulsions can also cause brain damage.
   2. Promote breastfeeding
   Because breast milk is rich in alkaline minerals, it is beneficial to the development of children's intelligence. Older children should eat less sugar and more "alkaline foods" such as vegetables, fruits, and grains. Pay attention to the "acid-base balance" of the diet, which is beneficial to the relative stability of the PH value in the body, coordinate various metabolic functions, and maintain good physical and mental health;
   3. Parents should not over-enclose their children in a small circle of blindly learning
The modernization of urban living has caused many people to move into high-rise buildings, and the high-rise buildings of one door by one can easily create a closed environment for children. Therefore, children should be allowed or encouraged to walk down from the high-rise buildings to the courtyard to play and socialize with neighbors or nearby children, friendship building.
   4. Try to let children participate in group activities
   Group activities include games and homework invited by neighbors and children; include cultural and sports activities organized by schools and classes; include congratulations on students' birthdays, farewell teachers, and so on. Cultivate children's character from group activities, and experience friendship, wisdom and warmth from group activities.

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