Anxiety is an emotional experience, just like happiness, sadness and anger, it is a natural response to a certain situation or thing. When you have the long-awaited success and meet a close friend who has been away for many years, you will experience happiness; when you give a lot but ultimately fail, you will experience sadness and depression; when your normal work or life is disturbed at times, you will feel angry. When you face some kind of threat or expect some kind of undesirable result, you will feel anxious.
Anxiety is an unpleasant emotional experience, which is characterized by restlessness, anxiety, tension, and fear, and is often accompanied by symptoms of autonomic disorders, such as rapid breathing, faster heartbeat, sweating, dizziness, and vertigo.
What are the causes for anxiety?
1. Stress factors
Certain stressful life events or traumatic events can easily cause anxiety. Such as being raped and abused in the early years. The anxiety generated is related to the nature and severity of the event, as well as the individual’s ability and confidence.
2. Genetic factors
Anxiety disorders are familial, which means that there is a certain degree of heredity. The heritability of different anxiety disorders is 30-40%. People with genetic characteristics of anxiety tendencies are very prone to pathological anxiety when they encounter adverse social environmental influences or stress states.
3. Socio-demographic factors
Children, adolescents, widowed, divorced, single, low-educated, low-income, unemployed, unemployed, housekeepers, women and other people are prone to anxiety disorders. Social demographic factors may be related to the occurrence of anxiety.
4. Psychosocial factors
The rapid development of social economy, the accelerated pace of life, fierce competition, crowded living environment, complicated interpersonal relationships, etc. , make people in a state of boredom, tension, anxiety, and restlessness. These are also common causes of anxiety disorders.
5. Personal factors
Anxiety is everywhere, and some people can self-regulate and quickly get rid of anxiety. Some people are chronically anxious and unable to extricate themselves, leading to anxiety disorders. People with certain personality characteristics are prone to anxiety.
1). Neurotic personality
This is also called a sensitive personality. People with this personality are particularly sensitive, impatient, and overwhelmed. Mainly manifested in three characteristics:
(1) The tendency of perfectionism requires perfection in everything.
(2) Inferiority complex. Too much care about the opinions and evaluations of others. Small things can also cause him to care very much.
(3) Excessive concern about one’s own physical condition is also a tendency for hypochondriasis.
2). Dependent personality
This characteristic is mainly that the individual often feels helpless and incompetent, lacks independence, is afraid of being separated from the dependent or being abandoned, can not see his own abilities and values, and thinks that he is too stupid. Such people lack self-confidence and think that they can only start and complete a task if they get help.
3). Compulsive Personality
The main characteristics are being cautious, hesitant, too suspicious, pursuing perfection, and feeling insecure. They are unsatisfied with their work and life, they are too strict with everything, they demand themselves with perfection, they are obsessed with cleanliness, are overhygienic, obsessed with their own opinions, require others to be too strict, and are over-focused on their own work. They rarely get pastime and pay attention to interpersonal relationships. It is difficult for them to establish satisfactory interpersonal relationships with people when they overspeak and impose their way of being in the world. People with this type of personality are prone to obsessive-compulsive disorder.
4). Borderline personality
Mainly manifested as emotional instability, easy anger and tantrums, highly impulsive, often profligate, abuse of drugs, overeating, self-injury and suicide. Interpersonal relationships are tense or unstable, difficult to get along with others, and often force others to divide people absolutely into good or bad. Have a lasting sense of emptiness or boredom. But it cannot be changed. People with this type of personality are susceptible to acute or chronic anxiety disorders.
5). Avoidant personality
They are often shy, timid, uncomfortable, afraid of strangers and new environments, low self-esteem, lack of self-confidence, and reluctance to participate in group activities. They consider themselves socially clumsy, personally unattractive or inferior to others. Because they may be embarrassed, they are unwilling to take risks or do unsure things in front of others. Because of the fear of criticism, they often avoid jobs or studies that obviously require contact with others. They pay much attention to the movements and expressions of others, and they are afraid of being ridiculed and sarcasm, and this slight ridicule and sarcasm will be amplified.